SRM draws an extensive and detailed picture of Italy’s logistics endowment, highlighting its strengths and weaknesses, its risks and opportunities. The logistics chain is a complex and multifaceted one: it encompasses both manufacturing companies which aim to internationalise, or to ship and process their goods, and business sectors such as land and maritime shipping, as well as rail transport, which face macro and micro issues of invariably great importance that need to be solved as soon as possible. Therefore, this paper identies the most important obstacles that are holding back the sector, examines possible strategies to relaunch investments in infrastructure, outlines potential growth horizons in terms of promising countries and territories, and stigmatises errors which must not be repeated in future cohesion policies. This analysis leads to the definition of four “pillars” for the development of logistics, capable of representing a solid and necessary platform from which to boost the sector’s takeo in Italy, and allow it to successfully meet the new commercial, economic, and productive challenges, starting with those posed by the countries of the Mediterranean Basin. On this front, in order to provide a detailed picture of the international logistics panorama, as well as carrying out an oneld survey addressed to the major Italian players, SRM has interviewed companies and leading infrastructures abroad, and drawn up a focus paper on Italian enterprises that have invested in the Med Area and in North Africa in particular. Therefore, this research addresses logistics not as a sector closed in on itself, but as a reality capable of a ording Italy the international vocation its economy has a strong need for, especially given the current historical phase, in which exports seem to be the only lifeline available.